Symptoms and causes of dizziness and nausea: How to treat them

You might have felt sudden changes in your mood, or loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, and headache. This might be because of the continuous stress you are facing due to the social pressure, workload, or many other reasons.

In most cases, dizziness and nausea are often treated as similar. People having nausea, suffer from stomach upset, vomiting, and migraines.

You might feel nauseous and dizzy out of nowhere because of several factors. In this article, we will discuss the symptoms and causes of dizziness and nausea, what stimulates it, and what makes you feel tired.

Common symptoms of dizziness and nausea

Many factors should be taken into consideration when exploring the symptoms of dizziness and nausea. Some of them are: 

Drugs and Alcohol

Drugs and Alcohol

You may have seen people vomiting when they wake up after getting high on alcohol or drugs. Drug abuse affects your brain causing dizziness and nausea at the same time. Many of the prescribed drugs may also make you dizzy. These medications include:

  • Antianxiety drugs
  • Antipsychotic drugs
  • Antidepressants
  • Antibiotics
  • Anti-seizures
  • Blood pressure medications

Headaches

Headaches

Headaches are often experienced by people, who face continuous stress, anxiety, or insomnia. Most of the people having headaches have also reported to have symptoms of nausea and dizziness.

Migraine occurs when you have neurological problems causing dizziness, unusual sensation, vomiting, along with visionary problems. It is not necessary to have headaches when you are experiencing a migraine.

Stomach illness 

Stomach illness

You might feel nauseous and dizzy due to constipation, or after a bout of bacterial infection that causes vomiting.  In these cases, when you have intermittent vomiting, you may experience dehydration which makes you feel nauseous.

One of the causes of nausea due to stomach illness is norovirus. It is among the highly contagious viruses that last for more than a day, causing the person to feel muscle pain, fever, and headache. Escherichia and Salmonella are the reasons why people get stomach viruses like norovirus.

Motion sickness

Motion Sickness

Many people experience motion sicknesses, irrespective if they are moving or not. The feeling intensifies when they are moving. If a person feels like vomiting while traveling in a plane, boat, car, or train, and it gets better right after when the person steps out of the moving object. Unlikely other symptoms of nausea and dizziness, motion sickness is not dangerous.

What causes dizziness and nausea

Indeed, the repercussions are intense if you leave your dizziness and nausea symptoms unaddressed. Diagnosing the causes of dizziness and nausea is extremely necessary to avoid further health complications.

Issues that possibly cause dizziness and nausea include:

Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes makes it more complicated for your body to absorb glucose leaving your body with high blood sugar. When an individual experiences high or even low blood sugar, they experience dizziness, nausea – and sometimes vomit – due to the high blood sugar level. A high level of diabetes like ketoacidosis can be life-threatening in some cases.

Pregnancy

pregnancy

Dizziness often happens when a woman gets pregnant. Many women experience vomiting and nausea during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. Oftentimes vomiting can be avoided by eliminating certain foods from the diet, drinking plenty of water, and preventing yourself from feeling hungry.

Anxiety

Anxiety

Intense depression and anxiety can also trigger vomiting and dizziness. The anxiety which elevates nausea often comes before the event actually takes place. 

Issues at the inner ear

Issues at the inner ear

If you have issues in your ear due to a physical injury, it can disturb the balance causing severe headache, vertigo, and dizziness. Problems in the inner ear occur suddenly or it may take a few days to develop. If dizziness gets worse, it is recommended to visit a doctor.

Neurological health problems

Neurological health problems

It is obvious that when you have neurological problems, you can experience multiple issues within your body. If you have experienced any neurological disorder, there are chances that you may develop symptoms for nausea or dizziness.

How to overcome the causes of dizziness and nausea?

Not all the symptoms can be treated at home. If the symptoms are severe, then it is recommended to seek medical attention.

However, you can try following medications to treat dizziness and nausea at home:

  • Drink an electrolyte replacement drink and plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
  • Lie down at a quiet place and give your body a good rest.
  • Avoid exposure to bright light, high sound, and everything that overexcites the brain.
  • Eat a balanced diet to avoid vomiting, and try to take over-the-counter medication to help to prevent vomiting. 

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