In chronic kidney disease (CKD), the kidneys still function to remove potassium, fluid, and a moderate amount of waste. To slow down the progression of CKD, you must control blood pressure, glucose, and weight. Moreover, you should consume a balanced kidney diet.
In today’s article, we will inform you about the stage 3 kidney disease sample diet. We will also highlight its benefits for your health.
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a serious health concern. According to a survey, 35 million US citizens, (almost 15% of the American population) suffer from stage 3 chronic kidney disease. And more than 85% of them do not even know that they are affected by this chronic ailment. It is important to note that CKD is among the most common causes of death in the United States.
When people are diagnosed with CKD, they become overwhelmed because of their dietary limitations. They often get frustrated when they have to say no to colleagues and family for dinner as they fear their diseases will become worse. However, slight negligence can take you out of your comfort zone and turn a happy moment into an absolute ordeal.
How would you know that you are suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease?
If you feel kidney pain more often, you should consult your physician immediately. Some of the major signs of stage 3 chronic kidney disease may include but are not limited to:
- Lack of concentration
- Abdominal swelling
- Muscle cramps
- Increased skin dryness and itchiness
- Decreased urine output
It’s not something that would have occurred overnight. It develops with time gradually. However, CDK is not curable, that is why a patient may suffer kidney failure at the end of the day. Though, the progression of the CDK can be slowed down. As mentioned earlier, an individual patient should change his/her eating habits and lifestyle. (S)he should consume a balanced stage 3 kidney disease sample diet to counter the progression of the disease.
Prevention of Chronic Kidney Disease with Renal Diet
Healthy nutrition plays a vital role in getting over any kind of disease. Patients suffering from stage 3 chronic kidney disease and other kidney complications should substitute eating habits with the recommended ones.
It is important to note that your body builds up excess fluid and waste when your kidneys are not working properly. These fluids can cause heart disease, arthritis, and other health complications. A balanced kidney-friendly meal plan can help you in limiting your fluid intake in a day. By adhering to a stage 3 kidney disease sample diet plan, you can restrict your body to produce excess fluids, thereby minimizing problems.
The consumption of a sample diet depends on how chronic your kidney disease is.
What is a Renal Diet?
A renal diet contains low phosphorus, sodium, potassium, and protein. Patients suffering from chronic kidney disease should limit their sodium intake, as their kidneys become too weak to remove unnecessary sodium from their blood. Excess of sodium can trigger high blood pressure, fluid retention, and heart failure. It is important to note that the presence of excessive fluids in the blood, requires your heart to do more work and that eventually increases blood pressure and reduces heart efficiency.
Check out the list of foods you can consume to limit your sodium intake when you suffer from kidney diseases.
- Grilled, skinless chicken (without salt)
- Cooked egg whites
- Beef (no added salt)
- Fish (halibut, tuna, shrimp, cod, catfish)
Extra consumption of phosphorus also leads to the release of calcium, which can make our bones feeble. Moreover, calcium can accumulate in blood vessels causing calcification, and as a result, increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
You can consume these food items to limit your phosphorus intake.
- Creams of wheat
- Rice or corn cereals
- Sourdough bread
- Unsalted popcorn
- Lemonades and Sodas (light-colored)
Protein is one of the most important nutrients when it comes to repairing tissues and maintenance, but in case you have damaged kidneys, protein consumption may be a tricky choice. You should know the right amount of protein that you should consume to avoid serious health complications.
How to Start a Renal Diet?
If you are suffering from chronic kidney disease, we recommend you switch your diet plan that suits your needs.
We also recommend you ask a renal dietitian for a proper diet plan. Since it is important to control the fluid intake, because the excess fluid in your body may put additional pressure on your kidneys. Your renal dietitian will help you calculate the right amount of fluid you should consume in the form of medications. The reason for calculating fluid consumption is to prevent your body from excess urine output.
What to Eat in a Renal Diet?
Well, this is an important question. Following a renal diet, the ultimate goal is to consume high-quality nutrients that can be consumed completely without producing excess waste.
- Choose fresh vegetables and fruits more often
- If fresh food is not available, then opt for unsalted frozen items
- Choose a high-quality protein source. You can consume egg white instead of meat and egg yolk which contain a considerable phosphorus content
- To add anti-inflammatory fatty acids to your diet, use olive oil to prepare your food
What to Avoid in a Renal Diet?
Any diet or meal that contains phosphorus, sodium, and potassium should be avoided. Because consumption of such food items tends to put pressure on your kidneys. For this purpose, you can:
- Minimize the portion of your diet that contains high potassium content like, fish, bananas, avocado, and potatoes
- Avoid meals that are rich in phosphorus including seeds, fast foods, meat, and cola
- Limit the intake of dairy products like milk and yogurt
- Avoid marinated food that is rich in potassium, sodium, and phosphorus
- Cut down on salt
- Reduce protein-rich foods
- Cut back processed foods
What should be avoided in planning for a stage 3 kidney disease sample diet?
If you are suffering from chronic kidney disease, you can consume a renal diet to your advantage. Consuming a stage 3 kidney disease sample diet can help you manage your blood pressure, body weight, and blood glucose. Patients who are suffering from stage 3 chronic kidney disease, should cut down on excess potassium intake. The daily phosphorus intake should also be limited to 800 mg only.