What are mental disorders? – the term mental disorder defines the condition where a person experiences behavioral and psychological issues. These symptoms trigger immense distress for the person who is experiencing mental disorders.
Some of the major mental health disorders are categorized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).
DSM works for classifying mental disorders and providing standardized criteria to tackle and diagnose mental disorders.
Examples of mental disorders
Some of the common examples of mental diseases are:
- Communication disorders
- Anxiety disorders
- Addictive behaviors
- Eating Disorders
- Personality disorders
- Neurocognitive Disorders:
The health issues that affect your speech, understanding, and ability to use language easily are categorized as communication disorders.
According to DSM, four subtypes fall under the communication disorders:
- Language Disorders
- Fluency Disorders
- Speech sound disorders
- Social communication disorders
Depressive disorders occur when you don’t find pleasure in situations that you used to enjoy yourself in the past. You feel more depressed and deprived most of the time. The most severe depressive disorder is commonly known as PMS (Premenstrual syndrome).
In schizophrenia, people detach themselves from reality and experience severe hallucinations which eventually lead them to react abnormally. They also experience an abrupt and disorganized speech while talking. This kind of psychiatric disorder affects people badly.
People experiencing anxiety are at high risk of different diseases including cardiac arrest, kidney damage, and even blood vessel inflammations that cause high blood pressure.
Addictive, compulsive, and related disorders
With this mental disorder, people tend to experience repeated compulsion for taking certain actions. Examples of this mental disorder include hoarding disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, etc.
Eating and Feeding disorders
People who experience eating disorders tend to feel uncomfortable while eating food. This mental disorder includes bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and extreme eating disorders.
Personality disorder involves behavioral difficulties that incur unhealthy and unstable relationships. People having personality disorders isolate themselves to avoid having social interactions with people around them. For example, antisocial, borderline, narcissistic disorders.
These disabilities affect the ability of thinking and responding rationally to situations and events. Delirium is a neurocognitive disorder in which a person loses the ability to think reasonably due to the conditions incurred after Alzheimer’s disease.
How can you help your loved one?
If you are experiencing any of the mental conditions stated above, then you should ask for help. If you have noticed any signs of mental disorders in your loved ones, then talk to them openly and try to solve their concerns.
Many of the mental disorders can be treated just by providing extra care and attention to the victim(s). You can elevate their emotions constructively which will help them get over their mental health issues.